Introduction to Terpenes

You’ve probably heard of both THC and CBD before – the two most famous compounds found in the cannabis plant. But there is another important compound within this wonderful plant called terpenes, which are growing in popularity but aren’t yet as well-known.

It’s a shame because terpenes are all around us. They are natural molecules found in plants that give them their aroma. Some well-known examples are strongly scented herbs and citrus plants like rosemary, mint, lavender, and lemons.

However, they are most commonly associated with the cannabis plant as it has the highest levels of naturally occurring terpenes. The combination of terpenes found in cannabis strains are known as terpene profiles.

What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes are found naturally in aromatic plants. Some plants produce them to ward off predators, while others use them to tempt pollinators.

As well as giving plants their scent, terpenes can also contribute to a plant’s flavour. They are traditionally employed in aromatherapy, which uses essential oils to improve health and wellbeing. Although terpenes aren’t the only type of active ingredient in essential oils, they are one of the most abundant.

At The Trojan Hemp Co, we enhance our premium Full-Spectrum CBD oils with terpene profiles to improve the flavour and to increase the potential benefits for our customers. So, let’s take a closer look at what exactly terpenes are and why we include them in our oils.

What do Terpenes do?

In alternative therapies, such as aromatherapy, terpenes are used to help relaxation, improve sleep or boost people’s mood. There’s some evidence to suggest that scents may be effective in helping us regulate our emotions and manage stress.

Because there are so many different terpenes, only a few have been studied in detail. But there is increasing interest in their potential to support our health and well-being.

Menthol, for example, is a monoterpene found in peppermint, which has shown promise for relieving irritable bowel syndrome. Another common terpene found in citrussy fruits such as lemons is limonene which has antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties and is also being researched as a potential anti-cancer drug.

As well as having their own potential benefits, terpenes are thought to enhance the positive effects of cannabinoids, such as CBD. This can contribute to what is known as the Entourage Effect.

Terpenes, Cannabis & Nature

Although they are grouped together under the name “terpenes”, each of these individual molecules have their own aroma and effect on our bodies. 

Furthermore, each strain of the Hemp and Marijuana plant contain various levels and combinations of terpenes which are said to have differing effects on the body and mind, depending on the specific terpene profile. It is these profiles that contribute to the effects and benefits of cannabis.

There are lots of different terpenes found in cannabis. Some common ones include:

  • Alpha-pinene: Also found in pine trees, alpha-pinene has shown potential as an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory. It is also thought to support our digestive systems and aid sleep.

 

  • Limonene: Citrus fruits like oranges are another common source of limonene. As we’ve already seen, this terpene has antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties.

 

  • Beta-Caryophyllene: An active ingredient in cloves, rosemary, and black pepper, beta-caryophyllene is traditionally used in treatments for inflammatory diseases, cardiovascular conditions, and arthritis.

 

 

  • Myrcene: One of the most common terpenes found in Cannabis. Myrcene is also in hops and lemongrass. It has anti-inflammatory properties and may relieve pain and improve sleep.

 

  • Linalool: This terpene is found in many plants, including lavender, rose, and basil. Linalool is thought to have a calming effect and is being researched for its potential in treating epilepsy.

 

Why we add extra terpene profiles to our oils

Although it isn’t yet common practice on this side of the Atlantic, research into the entourage effect means there’s a growing trend in the United States for adding terpenes to CBD Oils resulting in a higher-quality product.

Full-Spectrum Oils like ours already contain the full range of naturally occurring beneficial compounds from the Hemp plant. However, we wanted to go that step further and make sure our oils are amongst the best on the market. We carefully select terpenes from plant-based sources, blending them together to mimic the profile found in different strains of the Cannabis plant. These profiles are said to have various benefits for the body and mind. We have carefully chosen the terpene profiles we use to provide a range of solutions that suit your needs no matter the time of day.

Quality is extremely important here at The Trojan Hemp Co. All of the terpenes we use in our oils are vegan-friendly, non-GMO, food-grade, and solvent-free. They are derived from a range of plants, but not cannabis itself. We do this so we can guarantee quality, consistency and to make sure we aren’t adding any extra cannabinoids like CBD or THC to our oils.

Our range of Signature Blends is ever-expanding as we aim to provide a choice of oils that are tailored to your needs.

Check out our range and choose the oil that is right for you here.

References

Noriega, P. (2020). Terpenes in Essential Oils: Bioactivity and Applications. In Terpenes and Terpenoids. IntechOpen.

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/what-are-terpenes, consulted 26/02/2021

Sowndhararajan, K., & Kim, S. (2016). Influence of Fragrances on Human Psychophysiological Activity: With Special Reference to Human Electroencephalographic Response. Scientia pharmaceutica, 84(4), 724–751. https://doi.org/10.3390/scipharm84040724

Cash, B. D., Epstein, M. S., & Shah, S. M. (2016). A Novel Delivery System of Peppermint Oil Is an Effective Therapy for Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms. Digestive diseases and sciences, 61(2), 560–571. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-015-3858-7

Ferber, S. G., Namdar, D., Hen-Shoval, D., Eger, G., Koltai, H., Shoval, G., Shbiro, L., & Weller, A. (2020). The "Entourage Effect": Terpenes Coupled with Cannabinoids for the Treatment of Mood Disorders and Anxiety Disorders. Current neuropharmacology, 18(2), 87–96. https://doi.org/10.2174/1570159X17666190903103923

Salehi, B., Upadhyay, S., Erdogan Orhan, I., Kumar Jugran, A., L D Jayaweera, S., A Dias, D., Sharopov, F., Taheri, Y., Martins, N., Baghalpour, N., Cho, W. C., & Sharifi-Rad, J. (2019). Therapeutic Potential of α- and β-Pinene: A Miracle Gift of Nature. Biomolecules, 9(11), 738. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom9110738

Dahham, S. S., Tabana, Y. M., Iqbal, M. A., Ahamed, M. B., Ezzat, M. O., Majid, A. S., & Majid, A. M. (2015). The Anticancer, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of the Sesquiterpene β-Caryophyllene from the Essential Oil of Aquilaria crassna. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(7), 11808–11829. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules200711808

Akdemir Evrendilek G. (2015). Empirical prediction and validation of antibacterial inhibitory effects of various plant essential oils on common pathogenic bacteria. International journal of food microbiology, 202, 35–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2015.02.030

Ito, K., & Ito, M. (2013). The sedative effect of inhaled terpinolene in mice and its structure-activity relationships. Journal of natural medicines, 67(4), 833–837. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11418-012-0732-1

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/myrcene, consulted 26/02/2021

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/linalool, consulted 26/02/2021

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